NICRA

 


 

 

About The Project

 

National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) is a network project of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) launched in February, 2011.This project is to develop and popularize climate resilient technologies in agriculture. The output of the scheme will help the districts and regions prone to extreme weather conditions like drought, flood, frost, heat waves, etc. to cope with climate variability.

 

Objectives

  • To enhance the resilience of Indian Agriculture covering crops, livestock and fisheries to climatic variability and climate change through development and application of improved production and risk management technologies.
  • To demonstrate site specific technology packages on farmers’ field for adapting to current climate risks.
  • To enhance the capacity of scientists and other stakeholders in climate resilient agriculture research and its application.

 

About Us

The Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR) is a premier Institute conducting basic, strategic, anticipatory and applied research on various aspects of fruits, vegetable, ornamental, medicinal and aromatic plants and mushrooms. The Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR) is  one of the Core Centres of NICRA with the mandate

“Evaluation of Horticultural crops – Tomato, Mango and Banana for Tolerance to climatic stresses and genetic enhancement of tolerance.”

 

Infrastructure

  • Plant Phenomics Facility
  • Photosynthesis system
  • Line Quantum Sensor
  • Spectrophotometer
  • Root Imaging System
  • Environmental Growth Chamber
  • Free Air Temperature Enrichment (FATE) Facility
  • CO2 and Temperature Gradient Chamber (CTGC) Facilit

 

Research Activities and Deliverables:

 

Activity

Deliverables

Evaluation of horticultural crops, Tomato, Mango and Banana for tolerance to climatic stress and genetic enhancement of tolerance.

  • Promising material for tolerance to climatic stresses (drought, heat) identified and characterized in selected crops. Variation in flowering phenology of mango in relation to temperature variations in different growing areas documented.
  • Evaluation testing of promising material in horticulture (tomato, banana and mango) initiated.
  • Potentially useful genes for thermo tolerance identified.

Pest and disease dynamics, changes in crop-pest/pathogen relationships, changed profile of insect pests and emergence of new bio types due to climate change.

  • Components for improved pest forewarning models are identified.
  • Climate and pest data collection protocols standardized.
  • The forewarning modules formulated and evaluation initiated.

Adaptation and mitigation through enhanced water productivity, nutrient use efficiency, conservation agriculture and agro-forestry system

  • Carbon sequestration in perennial horticulture system – Mango.
  • Carbon sequestration potential of various conservation horticultural practices.

Technology demonstration through transfer of technology Division of Core Institutes

  • Technology demonstration of best bet practices to cope with current climate variability

 

Achievements so far

Work was initiated to develop facilities like plant phenomics, FATE, CTGC, and environmental control chambers. The equipments like Chlorophyll Fluorescence System, Line Quantum Sensor with data logging, U.V. Visible Spectrophotometer etc., were procured.

The work was initiated on aspects like, phenotyping and genetic enhancement for imparting tolerance to high temperature and limited and excess moisture stress conditions in tomato and banana. About 43 genotypes of tomato were evaluated for drought tolerance. Grafting technique using brinjal root stocks for improving tolerance to flooding in tomato was initiated. In banana a total of 28 drought related gene specific primers were used for cDNA to analyze expression pattern in Grandnaine (AAA) and Elakkibale (AB) banana.

Mango phenology work was initiated. Standardized Thermal Day Degrees (TDD) under laboratory conditions for tomato pests were assessed based on the threshold temperatures available in the literature for the specific pest. Surveillance of mango insect pests in different geographical regions was recorded along with prevailing climatic conditions. The mango fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis peaked in June (1309 per trap) to July (1091 per trap) coinciding with active mango cropping period. A roving survey was under taken for the mango orchards located in Karnataka. The Black Banded disease, Leaf Blight and Mango Malformation that were minor earlier have become serious now.

The broad-bed and furrows system was developed by cut and fill method in an area of one hectare to mitigate flash flood effects and drought on vegetable crops. Work on conservation horticulture practices in mango and carbon sequestration studies were initiated.

Isolation of drought tolerant microflora was carried out from the rhizospheric soil samples obtained from cultivated/ non cultivated plants growing in stresses eco-systems, with a special emphasis on the Christmas cactii (Opuntia leptocaulis) a desert plant.

 

Events /News

 

“Onion Field day cum training programme” on Climate Resilient Technologies (CRTs) Held at Hirenallur village of Kadur taluk of Chikkamagalur district on 6th September 2013

Onion field day cum training programme on Climate Resilient Technologies (CRT’s) was organised covering the Hirenallur and Giriyapura villages of Kadur taluk on 6th September, 2013. The programme was organised to highlight the achievements of demonstrations conducted under Technology Demonstration Component of NICRA project implemented in a cluster of  villages namely Hirenelluru, Giriyapura, Malenahalli, Koratakere, Basur, Chennapura, Narsipura etc. of Kadur and Tharikere taluk.

 

  

     

 

In these villages, this year (2013) pre-monsoon and early monsoon season (May to August 2013) had very high rainfall of 496 m m compared to last year rainfall of 236 m m. and it was a continuous downpour for 21 days, due to which there was a severe water logging condition, plant growth was affected and in many farmers fields the crops suffered severely due to poor growth, increased incidence of diseases and pests and severe yield loss (upto 40 to 50%) in flat land broadcasted crop. But in more than 90% plots where IIHR had taken up technological interventions in the form of demonstration of a package consisting of Climate Resilient Technologies (CRT’s) such as raised bed cultivation, providing good slope and drainage, use of bullock drawn and tractor driven onion drum seeder, improved varieties/ hybrids resistant to purple blotch disease and their production technology, foliar nutrition, IPM/IDM practices had a significant impact in terms of less seed requirement (35 to 40% compared to broadcasting) good germination, better crop establishment, uniformity of plant population (60 to 65 seedlings per sq.mtr.), good growth and flush green healthy leaves throughout the crop period, higher yields with increased bulb size. Due to higher yield and better quality, farmers were very happy, since their produce fetched higher price (25 to 30% more). 

                                   

                    Bullock drawn IIHR developed  onion drum seeder

 

In order to celebrate the successful implementation of the demonstrations in more than 60 acres (varieties and production techniques) a field day was organised.  In this field day Director CRIDA, Director IIHR Bengaluru, scientists from IIHR, officials from NABARD,