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Farmers Interface Meeting on Pomegrante Plant Health Management

Farmers Interface Meeting  on Pomegrante Plant Health Management

 

Pomegranate is one of the important fruit crops being cultivated in India. In Karnataka farmers are growing pomegranate in an area of 1350 ha. It is very severally affected with the bacterial leaf blight along with wilt which causes severe yield and profit losses to the farmers. In order to address these problems,  Div. of Soil Science, IIHR, Bangalore has taken a project under RKVY scheme in the year 2014-15.  In collaboration with Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Hirehalli, they have organized a Farmers Interface Meeting on 16.10 2014 at Farmer Sri Mohan Kumar’s Farm, Madde Village , Pavagada Taluk, Tumkur, in order to raise awareness in this regard and take up suitable control measures on demonstration mode.  Dr. Ganeshamurthy, Head, Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, IIHR, Bangalore inaugurated the meeting and stressed the need for maintaining the Pomegranate Plant Health,  rather than taking the control measures for Pest and Diseases outbreak. He explained physiology of the Pomegranate Plant, requirement of Organic Manures and Chemical fertilizers, Time and Method of application etc.  Dr, Paneerselvam, Sr. Scientist. Div. of Soil Science, IIHR, Bangalore explained the role of Soil Microorganisms in relation to Plant Health Management. Arka Microbial Consortium (AMC) is one of the important products in promoting antagonistic effect to Soil Borne Pathogens. He explained the quantity, method and time of application of AMC. Dr Loganandhan, Programme Coordinator, KVK, Hirehalli explained in detail about the activities being under taken by the KVK, Hirehalli in Pavagada Taluk. He informed the farmers to get more benefits from the KVK and IIHR, especially with regard to Pomegranate crop management. Sri P.R.Ramesh, Subject Matter Specialist (Soil Science) explained the method of Soil Sampling. Sri B. Hanumanthe Gowda, Subject Matter Specialist (Plant Protection) and Sri J.M.Prashant, Subject Matter Specialist (Horticulture) answered the queries raised by the farmers. Dr. Selvakumar, Sr. Scientist. Div. of Soil Science, IIHR, Bangalore, along with Mr.P.R.Ramesh, demonstrated the application of AMC in the field.

 

 

A field demonstration on methods of application of microbial consortiums to enhance crop growth and disease suppression was also shown to the farmers in the pomegranate orchard.

Advisory to farmers on horticulture aspects during pre and post incidence of Cyclone Hudhud

Advisory to farmers on horticulture aspects during pre and post incidence of Cyclone Hudhud

 

In view of ensuing Hudhud cyclone, various agencies including State departments have given suitable directions, measures and advisories to face the emerging problems.  It is necessary that the warning and advisories issued by these agencies should be paid attention and contingency measures may be taken up at household and community level.  For sustaining during the cyclone period, as might have been advised by various agencies, all in effected areas may prepare an emergency kit containing a battery for emergency light or torch, water containers, if containers are not available fill water bottles of cane having tight lid, dried food Chuda, Chhattu, salt, sugar, pumpkin, sweet potato, baby food especially milk powder, tubers, matches, fuel lamp, stove, eating utensils and a first aid kit.

 

In order to sustain the Cyclonic impact, fruit and vegetable farmers may follow following advisories in addition to the advisories from other agencies issued by them.

 

Vegetable crops

 

  • As a first step drainage efforts should be taken up in the existing field with standing crops. Earthing up for vegetable crops like tomato, brinjal, chilli, cucurbitaceous crops may be done to reduce exposure of their roots to waterlogged conditions. Waterlogged plants may need fertiliser replacement to recover after floods have receded.
  • The produce should be harvested before the onset of cyclone/floods.
  • Store fast growing vegetable such as leafy vegetables in tight plastic packing for use after the cyclone. Creation of seed banks in disaster prone areas can be taken up well in advance. The seed banks can be housed in the elevated shelter homes built by the government in such areas. It would be useful measure in remote areas which are cut off from other parts during heavy floods. The farmers can utilize these seeds immediately after receding of flood water without wasting any time. The seed banks of flood prone area can have a special repository of rice varieties capable of surviving submerged conditions.
  • Seeds may be sown in pot trays and on stall beds for avoiding the loss of seedlings during heavy rains and floods. Seedlings raised in pot trays could be easily moved to higher places in the event of rising of water level in the nursery. The elevated nursery beds with lighter coco peat media can also combat the unforeseen flash floods.
  • Immediately after the standing water column recedes the produce may be sun dried at the earliest opportunity.
  • Discard vegetable crops flooded with off-farm water that may have been contaminated, particularly leafy vegetable crops.
  • Spraying of growth retardant of 500 ppm cycocel or nipping terminal buds for arresting apical dominance and thus promoting growth of sympodial branches for increasing productivity
  • Foliar spray of 2% DAP + 1% KCl (MOP)
  • Spray of 40 ppm NAA for controlling excessive pre-mature fall of flowering/buds/young developing fruits and pods.
  • Foliar spray of 100 ppm salicylic acid for increasing stem reserve utilization under high moisture stress.

 

Saving and Restoring cyclone-damaged fruit trees

 

  • Trim tall tree from tops and clear the branches near homes and cattle sheds.
  • Excess water from orchards should be drained out by creating channels as soon as possible after flooding or high rainfall to reduce adverse effect on the trees. Some tree deaths can be expected if floodwater remains for extended periods, especially on less well drained soils that remain waterlogged after floods have receded.
  • Rescuing cyclones damaged fruit trees will depend on tree age, extent and type of damage, severity of root damage, soil type and drainage. Though it is difficult to reset completely uprooted trees, they stand a chance if they are heavily pruned, replanted and staked within 24 hours following the cyclone, while the soil is still wet.
  • Partially uprooted trees should be pulled back in the same direction of their fall to reduce root damage. If the tree is big and heavy, some of the branches may be pruned. The bigger trees can be pulled back by using a tractor also.
  • Staking of the main trunks should be done in the opposite direction of the pullback to prevent further movement.
  • Trees with breakage of the main, primary or secondary branches have to be given a flat cut at breakage points and Bordeaux paste should be applied. Exposed main trunk and branches should be painted with lime to prevent sunburn.
  • The exposed roots after pull back should be pruned and Bordeaux paste should be applied at the cut portions and be covered with the surrounding soil.
  • Fertilisation after the rescue would help stimulate growth. Floods and high rainfall can leach essential nutrients from the soil, which can affect plant health. Nutrients such as iron and nitrogen can be replaced through the use of fertiliser.
  • Following a cyclone, the high amount of root damage and tree stress may result in fruit trees being susceptible to pathogens which may be controlled by regular applications of copper fungicide over the 1-2 months following a cyclone.
  • Protection to sunburn can be given by making a mixture of hydrated (slaked) lime, zinc oxide and water. The recommended mixture is 22kg lime, 4.5kg zinc oxide and 400L water.
  • Trees with major foliage loss would require frequent irrigations with shorter, durations, to ensure that the root zone remains moist, but not waterlogged. Proper drainage channels needs to be prepared.

 

This advisory has been sent to all the KVKs in affected districts, all the horticultural personnel, village heads, farmers and NGOs, who so ever could be accessed through ICT.

 

For further details please contact...

 

Dr.H.S.Singh

Head

ICAR-Central Horticultural Experiment Station

Aiginia

Bhubaneswar - 751019

Phone: 0674-2471712

 

 


Updated on 10.10.2014

 

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