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CHES, Bhubaneswar organised three days training programme on Pre- and Post-harvest management of Mango

CHES, Bhubaneswar organised three days training programme on Pre- and Post-harvest management of Mango

 

Central Horticultural Experiment Station, Bhubaneswar, Odisha livelihood mission, Odisha tribal empowerment & livelihood programme (OTELP), District Collectorate, Gajapati district, Odisha jointly organised a three days training programme on Pre- and Post-harvest management of Mangofor the skill augmentation of the tribal farmers of villages of three different blocks of Gajapati district of Odisha , during 21-23 April, 2015. Twenty five farmers including eight women farmers participated in the training. During the inaugural session Head of the Station and Course Director, Dr. H. S. Singh, addressed the gathering and appreciated the keenness of the farmers to learn about the techniques related to the pre and post harvest management of the mangoes. He highlighted the importance of proper care of the fruits during picking, packing and transporting for providing quality mango fruits to the consumers. Highlighting the importance of the regular trainings to the farmers, Sri. T. Parida, Programme Coordinator, OTELP, expressed his optimism for a successful training programme.  Senior Scientists Dr. G. C. Acharya, informed the gathering about the efforts of the Station in organising trainings to various stakeholders.  Chief Guest of the programme Dr. Anand Prakash, Ex-Head of the department of Entomology, Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, while addressing the gathering stressed upon the proper utilisation of natural resources for realising higher returns from per unit of land. He appealed the farmers to take up intensive farming of with a mix of different cereals, fruits and vegetable crops for getting higher profits. Dr. Kundan Kishore, Senior Scientist and Co-ordinator of the training programme, proposed the vote of the thanks, while Dr. P. Srinivas, Senior Scientist and Co-Coordinator, coordinated the proceedings of the session.

The technical sessions on first day included two specialised lectures on ‘Varietal wealth and suitability of mango varieties’ by Dr. Dr. G. C. Acharya, and ‘Post harvest losses in mango’ by Dr. Kundan Kishore. The practical in afternoon session on harvesting and de-sapping was guided by Dr. S. Mandal.  The Second day session included lectures on Canopy management and its effects on mango fruit quality was delivered by  Dr. Kundan Kishore, while presentations on management of pest and diseases during pre- and post harvest stages were made by Dr. H.S. Singh and Dr. P. Srinivas, respectively. Afternoon practical session on ‘ripening of mango’ and ‘hot water treatment’, were taken up by Dr. Kundan Kishore and Dr. G. Sangeetha, respectively. During the final day, first presentation was made by Dr. H. S. Singh, on ‘Bagging and maturity indices in mango’ followed a presentations on ‘essential tools for quality mango production’ by Dr. P. Srinivas, and on ‘market oriented grading, packing, and transportation of mango and value addition by Dr. P. C. Lenka, Ex-Director, PME and Ex-Head, Department of Fruit Sciences, OUAT. Later on the day, Director, Directorate of Horticulture, Government of Odisha who joined the occasion and appreciated the effort of the CHES.

 

The last session on Interaction and feedback was chaired by the Head of the Station Dr. H. S. Singh, how expressed his satisfaction over the successful conduct of the training programme. Selected farmers also expressed their views on the various aspects of the training during the session. The farmers were specifically excited about their exposure to the mangoes on trellis, de-sapping and mango ripening techniques.

 

 

 

Mango Field Day organized by CHES, Bhubaneswar

Mango Field Day organized by CHES, Bhubaneswar

 

Field Day on Mango was organized on 19th April, 2015 at research farm of CHES with an aim to strengthen the public understanding on varietal diversity, mango quality, marketing and related aspects.  Nearly 100 participants from different sections like scientists from ICAR (CIWA, CIFA, CTCRI, and CHES), IIMT, OUAT, Doctors of AIIMS, mango lovers, mango growers, farm women and consumers attended the programme.  While addressing the participants, Dr.  B K Mishra, Dean, OUAT highlighted the importance of mango cultivation for strengthening the agricultural economy of the state and called upon the farming community to obtain technical help from CHES in horticultural aspects. Dr. P C Lenka, OUAT put emphasis on the cultivation of CHES developed extra early mango variety (Arka Neelachal Kesari) in the region for making mango cultivation more remunerative. He suggested adopting technologies of CHES for mango cultivation.  Dr. H. S. Singh, Head, CHES extended warm welcome to guests and participants and briefed about the research activities of the station. He informed that the use of hazardous chemical in mango ripening posing a threat to human health and for that consumer awareness regarding the safe mode of mango ripening (ethylene gas) is needed. He also presented an overview of mango varieties and their characters. Dr. Kundan Kishore highlighted promising varieties for the region and importance of maturity indices in ensuring mango quality. More than 50 varieties of mango and promising varieties/clones of fruits and vegetables were displayed. The participants expressed their satisfaction over the programme and enjoyed the varietal diversity and taste of mango at the station.  Dr Kundan Kishore and Dr P Srinivas co-ordinated the event and made all the arrangements with a team of technical and supporting staff. 

 

 

Interaction meet of DDHs of 30 districts at CHES, Bhubaneswar

Interaction meet of DDHs of 30 districts at CHES, Bhubaneswar

 

An interaction meet was organized to update the Deputy Directors of 30 districts horticultural offices regarding the latest developments in the management of mango cultivation with special reference to Integrated pest and disease management (IPDM) on 18.04.2015.  The gathering was addressed by Head of the station Dr H S Singh who enlightened the Heads of district horticulture system regarding the challenges confronting the successful cultivation of mango in the state.  He also elaborated on the emerging insect pests like inflorescence midge, fruit fly, Psylla, fruit borer etc. in mango.  The environment friendly management strategies like canopy management, field sanitation, pheromone traps, hot water treatment and the methodology of preparation and application of jaggery based baiting were also elaborated.  Dr. P Srinivas, Senior Scientist, presented the Integrated disease management strategies against important mango diseases like powdery mildew, anthracnose, stem end rot etc. The DDHs put forth many queries and issues from their respective regions and the same were discussed for their mitigation. The major issues raised were related to the pest identification, stock scion incompatibility, application of micronutrients, varietal suitability, collection of local elites, pollinators in mango, time of application of pesticides during flowering, etc. The DDHs highlighted the pest and disease incidence in mango in their respective regions and the availability of suitable pesticides in those regions. The constraints in procuring fruit fly traps, paclobutrazol, and certain important fungicides were also thoroughly discussed and addressed suitable by the Head of the Station Dr. H. S. Singh. The provisions made by the State horticulture department under the IPDM scheme were also discussed as per the project documents and advisories were made on usage of certain components of IPDM as per the regional pest incidence only.

 

 A field visit was organized to demonstrate the successful cultivation of mangoes on trellis wherein paclobutrazol use has found to be effective for regulation of flowering and fruiting in high density mango.  The field operation and the benefits of CHESFERTREE Drill and IIHR-mango harvester were also demonstrated to the visitors.  The officers were delighted to witness the latest developments in insect pests and disease management strategies, usage of paclobutrazol and application of fertilizers by CHESFERTREE Drill. The congregation of the heads of the districts at CHES is expected to carry the message about the latest management strategies across the State and yield remarkable results in days to come.

 

 

 

 

Farmers of NICRA Villages were Imparted Training on Climate Resilient Technologies (CRTs)

Farmers of NICRA Villages were Imparted Training on Climate Resilient Technologies (CRTs)

 

A day-long training programme on CRTs was organized for the farmers of NICRA villages (Giriyapura and Narasipura) of Kadur taluk at ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Bengaluru by Division of Extension and Training on March 17, 2015. The main objective of the training programme was to familiarize the farmers with CRTs.

 

The programme started with a field visit to IIHR experimental plots. The field visit was followed by an interaction between the ICAR-IIHR scientists Dr B Balakrishna, Dr Shankar Hebbar, Dr Sentil Kumaran and Dr R Venkattakumar and the farmers with respect to CRTs. About fifteen farmers from the above mentioned villages participated in the training programme.

 

The farmers were imparted training on 'Cultivation and Production of Onion' by Dr Shankar Hebbar; 'Post Harvest Management – Handling and storage in onion and other vegetable crops' by Dr D V Sudhakar Rao and 'Post Harvest Management – Processing and value addition in onion and other vegetable crops' by Dr I N Doreyappa Gowda. The discussion was followed by a visit to Agricultural Engineering section where Dr G Sentil Kumaran discussed about new machineries.

 

Farmers and scientists interaction for improvising manual drawn onion seeder

 

Farmers getting familiarized with tractor-operated bed former cum onion seed drill

 

 

Scientists - Grape growers interaction meet held at Cumbum valley

Scientists - Grape growers interaction meet held at Cumbum valley

 

Tamil Nadu occupies fourth position in area and production of grapes after Maharashtra, Karnataka and Mizoram. In Tamil Nadu, Cumbum valley of Theni District produces maximum grapes comprising of Gulabi (Paneer Drakshi) and Thompson Seedless varieties. The growers in this region harvest five crops in two years especially in Gulabi grapes. Of late, knowing about the potential of cultivating new coloured seedless varieties (Sharad Seedless & Krishna Seedless) and seeded variety Red Globe etc. in these regions, grape growers are showing keen interest in growing such grapes.  But, cultivation of these new varieties requires trained manpower and technical knowhow with respect to cultivation practices. The farmers who have already started cultivating new varieties are following the practices similar to that of Gulabi cultivation, which is hampering the quality of grapes. To cater the demand of the grape growers in this area, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore has started establishing the Grape Research Station (GRS) in Anamalaipatty village of Theni District.  There was regular demand from GRS and growers’ representatives from Cumbum region to educate them about cultivation of coloured seedless varieties. In response to their demand, Scientists from Division of Fruit Crops, viz., Dr. J. Satisha and Dr. M. Sankaran  along with Dr.J.Rajangam, Professor & Head, Division of Fruit Crops, HC & RI, Periyakulam visited both GRS and grape vineyards of Cumbum region on 16th April 2015.

 

 

During the visit to GRS, Dr.S.Parthiba and Dr A.Subbiah, enlightened the activities of GRS. IIHR Scientists has appreciated the efforts of the station in developing experimental vineyards on Dogridge rootstock. They also advised them to establish their vineyards on Y trellises which is gaining popularity in all the grape growing regions of India owing to its advantages of easy operations, vineyard mechanization and fewer incidences of diseases etc. They were suggested to take up research projects which should address the local problems encountered by grape growers of the region such as establishment of vineyards on grape rootstocks, standardization of pruning time, standardization of growth regulator schedule for new coloured grape varieties, crop regulation to improve quality and evaluation of coloured seeded/seedless varieties etc.

 

In the informal meeting convened by Dr.S.Parthiban, Professor and Head, GRS with the grape growers and  officials from Department of Horticulture, where the scientists answered most of the questions raised by the grape growers in cultivation of new coloured varieties of grapes. Dr. J. Satisha educated the grape growers about the time of planting of rootstocks and grafting, measures for avoiding the fruit cracking, importance of growth regulator in coloured varieties to harvest quality grapes, time of application and required concentration of GA. He advised the farmers to follow ‘double pruning and single cropping’ method of cultivation in new varieties to get quality produce which can fetch premium price in the market and also to sustain productivity of their vineyard for longer duration. They were also educated about the importance of crop regulation and thinning of excess berries which is rarely being followed by the grape growers. Some growers expressed their happiness about promising performance of Sharad Seedless, Medica, A18-3 & Red Globe variety in the region. For such growers, it was advised to take enough care while applying GA3 on Red Globe being a Seeded variety.

 

During their visit to some of the grower’s vineyards in the region, they were educated about the ill effects of applying excess Gibberellic acid on Sharad Seedless and Krishna Seedless. Some of the growers were following the traditional practice of taking five crops in two years in Seedless varieties similar to that of Gulabi grapes. For such growers, the scientists educated the importance of following ‘double pruning and single cropping’ system for producing good quality grapes in a sustainable manner over the years. They were also suggested to adjust the timing of forward pruning in such a way to produce good quality grapes during July to August to fetch good price when there are no grapes from traditional grape growing states such as Maharashtra and Karnataka especially with respect to coloured seedless varieties.

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